In Indian mythology, it is a misconception that Lakshmi is Goddess of wealth . Actually Kuber is God of wealth while Lakhsmi is Goddess of fortune . As fortune is usually associated with wealth the misconception has risen This section is about Kuber, Indian God of wealth. It covers following: How Kuber became God, Kuber Yantra, Kuber and Ravan, Kuber and Parvati(story), Kuber and Ganesha(story), Kuber in Buddhism(story)
Kubera is the God of wealth & is known as Dhanpati . He is also the king of Yakshaâ€™s (the guardians of Earth). As the God of wealth and material, his responsibilities are to distribute them while creating wealth is the responsibility of Lakshmi. Kubera is not an important deity and his images are very rarely seen, though he is frequently referred to in the epics. Kubera is also known as Yaksha-raja (king of the yakshas), Iccha-vasu (who has wealth at will), Nara- raja (lord over men) and Ratna-garbha (womb of jewels). Kubera is one god that all the three religions of India namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism all claim to be their own.
Kubera's domains are all in the high Himalayas, partly because he is the guardian of the North, but also because mountains are the repositories of mineral wealth. Kubera watches over the earth's storehouse of gold, silver, jewels, pearls and nine NIDHIS (special treasures).
Kubera is physically envisioned as a dwarf with an ugly and deformed body. His skin is white and he has three legs. He has a set of only eight teeth.Â Since Kubera was so deformed, he had difficulty in moving around. Brahma took pity and ordered Vishwakarma , the architect of the gods and a god in his own right, to build the disabled god a chariot. Vishwakarma conceived and built Pushpak , an aerial chariot which moves of its own accord and which is so large that it can contain a whole city. Kubera flies in this fantastic chariot and throws down jewels and other precious objects to people on the ground to aid them with averting poverty.
How Kuber became God?
There are two versions of how Kubera was elevated to the stature of a god.
The first version postulates that Kubera performed stringent austerities for thousands of years and, as a reward, was promoted by Go Brahma.
AnotherÂ version is that one day Kubera had gone to rob a temple of Shiva. During the robbery Kubera's taper had somehow been blown out. No matter how hard the dwarf tried he could not relight the taper. Nevertheless, he persisted with his efforts no matter how nefarious they were and, on the tenth attempt, he succeeded. Shiva is a benign god who is often pleased by the most illogical of efforts. This perseverance of Kubera's in his attempt to rob the god's temple won him much admiration from Shiva who subsequently granted the dwarf access to the Hindu pantheon of gods.
Chanting of Kuber Mantra blesses the worshipper with money and prosperity by drawing new avenues and sources of income and wealth. Mantra of Kubera helps to increase the flow of funds and the ability to accumulate wealth. Kubera Mantra is as follows (For details checkout Refrence ).
Rajadhi rajaya Prasahya Sahine
Namo Vayam Vai Sravanaya Kurmahe
Samekaman Kama Kamaya mahyam
Kamesvaro Vai Sravano dadatu
Kuberaya Vai Sravanaya
Maha rajaya Namah.
One of the most powerful yantras now extant, the Kuber Yantra attracts prosperity and money into your life. It is a highly complex yantra combining a lotus formation of concentric circles with a central six pointed star which has within it a 3x3 magic square containing numbers which when added up in any direction that you may choose always total 72 which further reduces itself to the sacred numeral 9. The outer boundary wall of the yantra, a miniature cosmos, has large liminal gaps, (they are thresholds of potential, of awareness, or transformations), as Kubera is a dual energy deity, with an unusually powerful and harmonious blend of male and female energies. These cannot be restricted and hence the 'open' nature of the yantra. In large Kuber Yantras however there is enough space to draw a convoluted outer wall with multiple layers. This keeps the liminal gaps active but also filters the energy generated by the Yantra from rushing outwards in an uncontrolled and promiscuous manner.
Kuber and Ravana
Kubera is also the son of Sage Vishrava. So Kubera has three famous half-brothers, Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana. All three find mention in the great Indian epic story Ramayana.
His brother Ravana, by practicing austerities, obtained from Shiva the boon of invincibility and so was able to defeat Kubera and to seize and retain Lanka and the chariot, Pushpak. As Lanka could not be restored to Kubera, Vishwakarma, the god of architecture, built him a palace in fabulous hidden city in the Himalayas called Alkapuri, which has all the stored up wealth of the Earth. This is close to the abode of Shiva, Mount Kailasha. For details checkout Reference1 and Reference2
Kuber and Parvati
When Kubera went to Mount Kailasa once to have a darshan of Lord Shiva, he found Him with Goddess Parvathi. Kubera was stunned to see the splendour and beauty of Goddess Parvathi. He felt sorry that he had not worshipped such a fine goddess for so long and one of his eyes shut itself.
Goddess Parvathi got angry that Kubera was winking at Her, and looking at Her with evil intention. She made his eye burst. Kubera lost sight in one eye and was also cursed that he would always look ugly. Lord Kubera pleaded with Lord Siva to forgive him and explained that he had not seen the Goddess with any evil intention. Lord Siva left the choice to His consort. Goddess Parvathi forgave Kubera and let the eye grow back, but it was smaller than the other one. Kubera was rewarded by Lord Siva with the post of being one of the guards of the eight directions - the North. The Goddess made him the lord of wealth and material.
Kuber and Ganesha
We should never take undue pride in our material or spiritual accomplishments. The old saying "Pride always leads to a fall." is proved true in the following story.
Kubera invited Shiva and Parvati to dinner wishing to show off his riches. But, the couple denied Kubera's request and said that he could feed Ganesha instead. Kubera laughed and said 'I can feed thousands of children like this."
Ganesha went to his palace and sat down to eat. He started eating all the food placed in front of him. As was the custom, more and more food was served to him, as he did not say that he had enough. Soon there was no more food in the palace and so Kubera ordered his troops to get more food from the surrounding villages. But Ganesha continued eating and there was no more food to be found. Still very hungry, Ganesha started eating all the furniture.
Kubera became very frightened. Ganesha told him, "You promised my parents you will feed me. Now, I have to eat you up as I am still very hungry ". Kubera ran away and pleaded with Shiva to save him from Ganesha. Shiva asked Kubera to give up his pride and serve Ganesha a handful of rice.
Kubera went back to his palace. By this time, Ganesha's stomach had become very huge but the child was still hungry. When Kubera served a cup of rice with humility, Ganesha's hunger was satisfied
Kuber and Buddhism
Kubera is also worshipped by the Buddhists, where he is looked upon as the guardian of the North. His characteristic symbol is the mongoose, often shown vomiting jewels. In the Buddhist pantheon he is also known as Jambhala, probably from the jambhara (lemon) he carries in his hand. He is always represented corpulent and covered with jewels. His right foot is generally pendant and supported by a lotus-flower on which is a conch shell.
Jambhala is the Buddhist form of the Hindu god of wealth, Kubera. He is fat and covered with jewels and holds a mongoose in one hand and a flaming jewel in the other
For details please check the section Myth and Money in book Be Money Aware